Publications

2011
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"INTERFACE STRUCTURE OF THE DARK CONGLOMERATE PHASE," D. Chen, Y. Shen, C. Zhu, L. E. Hough, N. Gimeno, M. A. Glaser, J. E. Maclennan, M. Blanca Ros, and N. A. Clark, Soft Matter 7, 1879–1883 (2011).

"SPONTANEOUS FLUID FERROELECTRIC ORDER IN A BENT-CORE LIQUID CRYSTAL OF ORTHORHOMBIC SMECTIC LAYERS," R. A. Reddy, C. Zhu, R. Shao, E. Korblova, T. Gong,
Y. Shen, E. Garcia, M. A. Glaser, J. E. Maclennan, D. M. Walba, and N. A. Clark, Science 332, 72–77 (2011).

2010
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"CROSSOVER BETWEEN 2D AND 3D FLUID DYNAMICS IN THE DIFFUSION OF ISLANDS IN ULTRATHIN FREELY SUSPENDED SMECTIC FILMS," Z. H. Nguyen, M. Atkinson, C. S. Park,
J. E. Maclennan, M. A. Glaser, and N. A. Clark, Physical Review Letters 105, 268304 (2010).

“FOUR-RING ACHIRAL UNSYMMETRICAL BENT CORE MOLECULES FORMING STRONGLY FLUORESCENT SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTALS WITH SPONTANEOUS POLAR AND CHIRAL ORDERED B7 AND B1 PHASES,” R. Deb, R. Nath, M. Paul, N.V. S. Rao, F. Tuluri, Y. Shen, 
R. Shao, D. Chen, C. Zhu, I. I. Smalyukh, and N.A. Clark, Journal of Materials Chemistry 20, 7332-7336 (2010).

"HIGH CONTRAST POLARIMETER FOR PRECISION MEASUREMENT OF THE IN-PLANE BIREFRINGENCE OF MOLECULAR MONOLAYERS," G. Fang, J. Maclennan, and
N. Clark, Langmuir 26, 11686–11689 (2010).

"LIQUID CRYSTAL PERIODIC ZIGZAGS BY GEOMETRICAL & SURFACE ANCHORING INDUCED CONFINEMENT: ORIGIN AND INTERNAL STRUCTURE FROM MESOSCOPIC SCALE TO MOLECULAR LEVEL," D.-K. Yoon, J. Yoon, Y.H. Kim, M.C. Choi, J. Kim, O. Sakata, S. Kimura,
M. W. Kim, I. I. Smalyukh, N.A. Clark, M. Ree, and H.-T. Jung, Physical Review E 82, 041705 (2010).

"ORGANIZATION OF POLARIZATION SPLAY MODULATED (B7) SMECTIC PHASES BY CONFINEMENT IN CHANNELS," D. K. Yoon, R. Deb, E. Körblova, R. Shao, N. V. S. Rao,
D. M. Walba, I. I. Smalyukh, and N. A. Clark, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 107, 21311–21315 (2010).

"PHOTO-REVERSIBLE LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT USING AZOBENZENE-BASED SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS: COMPARISON OF THE BARE MONOLAYER AND LIQUID CRYSTAL REORIENTATION DYNAMICS," G. Fang, Y. Shi, J. E. Maclennan, N. A. Clark, M. J. Farrow, and
D. M. Walba, Langmuir 26, 17482–17488 (2010).

"PRE-TRANSITIONAL ORIENTATIONAL ORDERING OF A CALAMITIC LIQUID CRYSTAL BY HELICAL NANOFILAMENTS OF A BENT-CORE MESOGEN, " D. Chen, C. Zhu, R. Shoemaker,
E. Korblova, D. Walba, M. Glaser, J. Maclennan, and N. Clark, Langmuir  26, 15541-15545 (2010).

“SYNTHESIS AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF A MAIN-CHAIN CHIRAL SMECTIC THIOL-ENE OLIGOMER," H. Yang, J. M. Richardson, D. M. Walba, C. Zhu, R. Shao, N. A. Clark, J. Ortega,
J. Etxebarria, and P. Keller, Liquid Crystals  37, 325-334 (2010).

“TRICLINIC FLUID ORDER," N. Chattham, E. Korblova, R. Shao, D. M. Walba, J. E. Maclennan, and N. A. Clark, Physical Review Letters 104, 067801 (2010).

2009
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"CHIRAL ISOTROPIC LIQUIDS FROM ACHIRAL MOLECULES," L. E. Hough, M. Spannuth, M. Nakata, D. A. Coleman, C. D. Jones, G. Dantlgraber, C. Tschierske, J. Watanabe, E. Körblova,
D. M. Walba, J. E. Maclennan, M. A. Glaser, and N. A. Clark, Science 25, 452–456 (2009). 

“DE GENNES' TRICLINIC SMECTICS - NOT SO FAR-FETCHED AFTER ALL," N. Chattham, E. Korblova, R. Shao, D. M. Walba, J. E. Maclennan, and N. A. Clark, Liquid Crystals 36, 1309-1317 (2009).

"HELICAL NANOFILAMENT PHASES," L. E. Hough, H. T. Jung, D. Krüerke, M. S. Heberling, M. Nakata, C. D. Jones, D. Chen, D. R. Link, J. Zasadzinski, G. Heppke, J. P. Rabe, W. Stocker,
E. Körblova, D. M. Walba, M. A. Glaser, and N. A. Clark, Science 325, 456-460 (2009).
 

"A MAIN-CHAIN DE VRIES SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMER PREPARED BY HOVEYDA–GRUBBS CATALYST INITIATED ACYCLIC DIENE METATHESIS POLYMERIZATION," D. M. Walba, H. Yang, P. Keller, C. Zhu, R. Shao, D. A. Coleman, C. D. Jones, and N. A. Clark, Macromolecular Rapid Communications 30, xxxx (2009).

"MODELING DIPOLAR AND QUADRUPOLAR DEFECT STRUCTURES GENERATED BY CHIRAL ISLANDS IN FREELY SUSPENDED LIQUID CRYSTAL FILMS," N. M. Silvestre, P. Patrício,
M. M. Telo da Gama, A. Pattanaporkratana, C. S. Park, J. E. Maclennan, and N. A. Clark, Physical Review E 80, 041708 (2009).
 

"NOVEL LIQUID-CRYSTALLINE MESOGENS AND MAIN-CHAIN CHIRAL SMECTIC THIOL-ENE POLYMERS BASED ON TRIFLUOROMETHYLPHENYL MOIETIES," H. Yang, L. Wang, R. Shao,
N. A. Clark, J. Ortega, J. Etxebarria, P.-A. Albouy, D. M. Walba, and P. Keller, Journal of Materials Chemistry 19, 7208-7215 (2009).

"ON THE ORIGIN OF THE GIANT ELECTROCLINIC EFFECT IN A 'DE VRIES'-TYPE FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL MATERIAL FOR CHIRALITY SENSING APPLICATIONS,"
N. Kapernaum, D. M. Walba, E. Korblova, C. H. Zhu, C. Jones, Y. Q. Shen, N. A. Clark, and
F. Giesselmann, ChemPhysChem 10, 890-892 (2009).

"TOPOGRAPHIC-PATTERN-INDUCED HOMEOTROPIC ALIGNMENT OF LIQUID CRYSTALS,"
Y. Yi, G. Lombardo, N. Ashby, R. Barberi, J. E. Maclennan, and N. A. Clark, Physical Review E 79, 041701 (2009).

2008
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"BISTABLE SmA LIQUID-CRYSTAL DISPLAY DRIVEN BY A TWO-DIRECTION ELECTRIC FIELD," H.Y. Chen, R. Shao, E. Korblova, D.M Walba, N.A. Clark, and W.J. Lee, Journal of the Society for Information Display16, 675-681 (2008).

“FORMATION AND SURFACE MODIFICATION OF NANOPATTERNED THIOL-ENE SUBSTRATES USING STEP AND FLASH IMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY,” V. Khire, Y.W. Yi, N.A. Clark, and
C.N. Bowman, Advanced Materials xx, xxxx (2008).

“LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT ON A CHIRAL SURFACE: INTERFACIAL INTERACTION WITH SHEARED DNA FILMS,” M. Nakata, G. Zanchetta, M. Buscaglia, T. Bellini, and N. A. Clark, Langmuir xx, xxxx (2008).

"LIQUID CRYSTAL ORDERING OF DNA AND RNA OLIGOMERS WITH PARTIALLY OVERLAPPING SEQUENCES," G. Zanchetta, M. Nakata, M. Buscaglia, N.A. Clark, and
T. Bellini, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 20, 494214 (2008).

"OPTICALLY RECONFIGURABLE PATTERNING FOR CONTROL OF THE PROPAGATION CHARACTERISTICS OF A PLANAR WAVEGUIDE," Y. Wang, A. Klittnick, N. A. Clark, and
P. Keller, Applied Physics Letters 93, 143506 (2008).

“PHASE SEPARATION AND LIQUID CRYSTALLIZATION OF COMPLEMENTARY SEQUENCES IN MIXTURES OF NANODNA OLIGOMERS,” G. Zanchetta, M. Nakata, M. Buscaglia, T. Bellini, and N.A. Clark, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105, 1111-1117 (2008).

"POLARIZATION SPLAY AS THE ORIGIN OF MODULATION IN THE B1 AND B7 SMECTIC PHASES OF BENT-CORE MOLECULES," D.A. Coleman, C.D. Jones, M. Nakata, N.A. Clark,
D.M. Walba, W. Weissflog, K. Fodor-Csorba, J.Watanabe, V. Novotna, and V. Hamplova, Physical Review E77 xxxx (2008).

"METHOD FOR CHARACTERIZING SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS AS ANTIRELAXATION WALL COATINGS FOR ALKALI VAPOR CELLS," Y. W. Yi, H. G. Robinson, S. Knappe,
J. E. Maclennan, C. D. Jones, C. Zhu, N. A. Clark, and J. Kitching, Journal of Applied Physics 104, 023534 (2008).

“V-SHAPED SWITCHING FERROELECTRIC LIQUID STRUCTURE STABILIZED BY DIELECTRIC SURFACE LAYERS,” A. Hammarquist, K. D'Havé, M. Matuszczyk, N. A. Clark, J. E. Maclennan, and P. Rudquist, Physical Review E 77, 031707 ( 2008 ).

“ORGANIZATION OF LIQUID CRYSTALS ON SUBMICRON SCALE TOPOGRAPHIC PATTERNS WITH FOURFOLD SYMMETRY PREPARED BY THIOLENE PHOTOPOLYMERIZATION-BASED NANOIMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY,” Y. W. Yi, V. Khire, C. N. Bowman, J. E. Maclennan, and
N. A. Clark, Journal of Applied Physics 103, 093518 (2008).

2007
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"ALIGNMENT OF LIQUID CRYSTALS BY TOPOGRAPHICALLY PATTERNED POLYMER FILMS PREPARED BY NANOIMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY," Y. Yi, M. Nakata, A.R. Martin, and N.A. Clark, Applied Physics Letters 90, 163510 (2007).

"A BISTABLE LIQUID-CRYSTAL DISPLAY MODE BASED ON ELECTRICALLY-DRIVEN SMECTIC A LAYER REORIENTATION," H.-Y. Chen, R. Shao, E. Korblova, W. Lee, D.M. Walba, and
N.A. Clark, Applied Physics Letters 91, 163506 (2007).

"ELECTRIC-FIELD-DRIVEN DERACEMIZATION," A. Kane, R.F. Shao, J.E. Maclennan, L. Wang, D.M. Walba, and N.A. Clark, Chem Phys Chem 8, 170-174 (2007).

"END-TO-END ADHESION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL CONDENSATION OF 6-20 BASE PAIR DNA DUPLEXES," M. Nakata, G. Zanchetta, B.D. Chapman, C.D. Jones, J.O. Cross, R. Pindak, T. Bellini, and N.A. Clark, Science 318, 1276-1279 (2007).

"A GENERAL METHOD FOR MEASUREMENT OF ENANTIOMERIC EXCESS BY USING ELECTROOPTICS IN FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," D.M. Walba, L. Eshdat, E. Korblova, R. Shao, and N.A. Clark, Angewandte Chemie, International Edition 46 , 1473-1475 (2007).

"OPTICAL ACTIVITY PRODUCED BY LAYER CHIRALITY IN BENT-CORE LIQUID CRYSTALS," L.E. Hough, C. Zhu, M. Nakata, N. Chattham, G. Dantlgraber, C. Tschierske, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review Letters 98, 037802 (2007).

“SELF-ORGANIZATION OF BOUNCING OIL DROPS: TWO-DIMENSIONAL LATTICES AND SPINNING CLUSTERS,” S. I. Lieber, M. C. Hendershott, A. Pattanaporkratana, and J. E. Maclennan, Physical Review E 75 , 056308 (2007)

"SOFT SPHERES MAKE MORE MESOPHASES," M.A. Glaser, G.M. Grason, R.D. Kamien, A. Kosmrlj, C.D. Santangelo, and P. Ziherl, Europhysics Letters 78, 46004 (2007).

2006
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"DIRECTOR STRUCTURES IN ACHIRAL SMECTIC C LIQUID CRYSTAL CELLS: FIELD INDUCED TWIST DOMAIN NUCLEATION," C.D. Jones, R.F. Shao, A.G. Rappaport, J.E. Maclennan, and N.A. Clark, Liquid Crystals 33, 25-32 (2006).

DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF INTERACTION FORCES BETWEEN ISLANDS ON FREELY SUSPENDED SMECTIC C FILMS USING MULTIPLE OTICAL TWEEZERS," A. Pattanaporkratana, C.S. Park, J.E. Maclennan, and N.A. Clark, Ferroelectrics 344, 71 (2006).

"ELECTRIC FIELD INDUCED CHIRALITY FLIPPING IN SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTALS: THE ROLE OF ANISOTROPIC VISCOSITY," M. Nakata, R.-F. Shao, J.E. Maclennan, W. Weissflog, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review Letters 96, 067802 (2006).

"THE PECULIAR OPTIC, DIELECTRIC AND X-RAY DIFFRACTION PROPERTIES OF A FLUORINATED DE VRIES ASYMMETRIC-DIFFUSE-CONE-MODEL FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL," J.P.F. Lagerwall, F. Giesselmann, J.M. Ot´on, E. Korblova, D.M. Walba, D. Coleman, R.F.Shao, and N.A. Clark, Liquid Crystals 33, 17-23 (2006).

"CHIRAL SMA* MATERIALS FOR DISPLAY APPLICATIONS?," D.M.Walba, E. Korblova, L. Eshdat, M.C. Biewer, H. Yang, C.D. Jones, M. Nakata, M. Talarico, R.F. Shao, and N.A. Clark, Proceedings of the 26th Display Research Conference of the Society for Information Display 173-176 (2006).

"DEFECTS, SURFACE ANCHORING, AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL DIRECTOR FIELDS IN THE LAMELLAR STRUCTURE OF CHOLESTERIC LIQUID CRYSTALS AS STUDIED BY FLUORESCENCE CONFOCAL POLARIZING MICROSCOPY," I.I. Smalyukh and O.D. Lavrentovich, in Topology in Condensed Matter, 205-250, M. Monastyrsky, Ed. (Springer, Berlin, 2006).

"DISCRETE ELASTIC MODEL FOR TWO-DIMENTIONAL MELTING," Y. Lansac, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 73, 041501 (2006).

"DISTRIBUTED FEEDBACK MICRO-LASER ARRAY: HELIXED LIQUID CRYSTALS EMBEDDED IN HOLOGRAPHICALLY SCULPTURED POLYMERIC MICROCAVITIES," V. Barna, R. Caputo, A. De Luca, N. Scaramuzza, G. Strangi, C. Versace, C. Umeton, R. Bartolino, and G.N. Price, Optics Express 14, 2695-2705 (2006).

"EXPERIMENTAL OBSERVATION OF THE POLARIZATION CURRENT RESPONSE OF A CHIRAL SMECTIC A PHASE DURING ELECTROCLINIC REORIENTATION," L. Wang, D.M. Walba , R.F. Shao, D.A. Coleman, M. Nakata, J.E. Maclennan , and N.A. Clark , Proceedings of the 26th Display Research Conference of the Society for Information Display 189-191 (2006).

"MAIN-CHAIN CHIRAL SMECTIC POLYMERS SHOWING A LARGE ELCTROCLINIC EFFECT IN THE SMA* PHASE," D.M. Walba, H. Yang, R.K. Shoemaker, P. Keller, R.F. Shao, D.A. Coleman, C.D. Jones, M. Nakata, and N.A. Clark, Chemistry of Materials 18, 4576-4584 (2006).

"MOLECULAR DYNAMICS SIMULATION STUDIES OF NANOPARTICLES IN AN ISOTROPIC LIQUID CRYSTAL MATRIX: SINGLE PARTICLE BEHAVIOR AND PAIRWISE INTERACTIONS," P. Tian, G.D. Smith, and M. Glaser, Journal of Chemical Physics 124, 124912 (2006).

"THE PECULIAR OPTIC, DIELECTRIC AND X-RAY DIFFRACTION PROPERTIES OF A FLUORINATED DE VRIES ASYMMETRIC-DIFFUSE-CONE-MODEL FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL," J.P.F. Lagerwall, F. Giesselmann, J.M. Ot´on, E. Korblova, D.M. Walba, D. Coleman, R.F.Shao, and N.A. Clark, Liquid Crystals 33, 17-23 (2006).

"REFLECTION SYMMETRY BREAKING IN ACHIRAL ROD-SHAPED SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTALS?," D.M. Walba, E. Korblova, C.C. Huang, R.F. Shao, M. Nakata, and N.A. Clark, Journal of the American Chemical Society 128, 5318-5319 (2006).

2005
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"THE B2–B7 PHASE TRANSITION IN SYMMETRICAL BENT-SHAPED MESOGENS WITH METHOXY SUBSTITUTION," V. Novotna, V. Hamplova, M. Kaspar, M. Glogarova, K. Knizek, S. Diele, G. Pelzl, C. Jones, D. Coleman and N.A. Clark Liquid Crystals 32, 967–975 (2005).

"DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF INTERACTION FORCES BETWEEN ISLANDS ON FREELY SUSPENDED SMECTIC C FILMS USING MULTIPLE OPTICAL TWEEZERS," A. Pattanaporkratana, C. S. Park, J.E. Maclennan, and N.A. Clark, e-LC (2005), http://www.e-lc.org

"EFFECT OF HIGH SPONTANEOUS POLARIZATION ON DEFECT STRUCTURES AND ORIENTATIONAL DYNAMICS OF TILTED CHIRAL SMECTIC FREELY SUSPENDED FILMS," D.R. Link, N. Chattham, J.E. Maclennan, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 71, 021704 (2005).

"ELECTRIC-FIELD-INDUCED TRANSITION BETWEEN THE POLARIZATION-MODULATED AND FERROELECTRIC SMECTIC-CSPF* LIQUID CRYSTALLINE STATES STUDIED USING MICROBEAM X-RAY DIFFRACTION," M. Nakata, D.R. Link, Y. Takanishi, Y. Takahasi, J. Thisayukta, H. Niwano, D.A. Coleman, J. Watanabe, A. Iida, N.A. Clark, and H. Takezoe, Physical Review E 71, 011705 (2005).

"ELECTRONIC ELECTROOPTIC PHASE MODULATION USING BENT-CORE LIQUID CRYSTALS," M. Rickard, M. Nakata, H. Takezoe, J. Watanabe, and N.A. Clark, Applied Physics Letters 87, 261115 (2005).

"THE FIRST BENT-CORE MESOGENS EXHIBITING A DIMORPHISM B7-SMCPA," G. Pelzl, M.W. Schroder, U. Dunemann, S. Diele, W. Weissflog, D.A. Coleman, C.D. Jones, N.A. Clark, R. Stannarius, J. Li, B. Das, and S. Grande, Journal of Materials Chemistry 14, 2492-2498 (2005).

"FREEZE FRACTURE AND AFM STUDIES OF THE LIQUID CRYSTAL DARK CONGLOMERATE AND B4 PHASES," Hough, L. E., Spannuth, M., Jung, H. J., Zasadzinski, J., Kruerke, D., Heppke, G., Walba, D., Clark, N., Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 50, 223 (2005).

"GIANT-BLOCK TWIST GRAIN BOUNDARY SMECTIC PHASES," J. Fernsler, L. Hough, R.-F. Shao, J. E. Maclennan, L. Navailles, M. Brunet, N. V. Madhusudana, O. Mondain-Monval, C. Boyer, J. Zasadzinski, J. A. Rego, D. M. Walba, and N. A. Clark, PNAS 40, 14191–14196 (2005).

"LAYER SCALE OPTICAL CHIRALITY OF LIQUID CRYSTALLINE PHASES," L.E. Hough and N.A. Clark, Physical Review Letters 95, 107802 (2005).

"MAIN-CHAIN FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMERS FOR ELECTRONIC NONLINEAR OPTICS APPLICATIONS," D.M. Walba, L. Xiao, E. Korblova, P. Keller, M. Nakata, R. Shao, D.R. Link, D.A. Coleman, and N.A. Clark, Ferroelectrics 309, 77-82 (2005).

"PRETRANSLATIONAL BEHAVIOR OF A WATER IN LIQUID CRYSTAL MICROE-MULSION CLOSE TO THE DEMIXING TRANSITION: EVIDENCE FOR INTERMICEL-LAR ATTRACTION MEDIATED BY PARANEMATIC FLUCTUATIONS," M. Caggioni, A. Giacometti, T. Bellini, N.A. Clark, F. Mantegazza, and A. Maritan, Journal of Chemical Physics 122, 214721 (2005).

"SPONTANEOUS PERIODIC SPATIAL ORDERING OF CONVECTIVE TURBULENT FLOW," C.S. Park, N.A. Clark and R.D. Noble, Physics of Fluids 17, 055101 (2005).

"SUBDIFFUSIVE DYNAMICS OF PHOTO-ADDRESSABLE SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS," Fang, G., Clark, N. A., Maclennan, J. E., Farrow, M., Walba, D., Yi, Y. W., Furtak, T. E., Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 50, 221 (2005).

2004
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"CHIRALITY DETECTION WITH FLCS - A COMMENT," Walba, D. M., Dyer, D. J., Rego, J. A., Niessink-Trotter, J., Shao, R., Clark, N. A. Ferroelectrics 309, 121-124 (2004).

"COURSE-GRAINED SIMULATION OF POLYMER TRANSLOCATION THROUGH AN ARTIFICIAL NANOPORE," Y. Lansac, P.K. Maiti, and M.A. Glaser, Polymer 45, 3099 (2004).

"DESIGN AND SYNTHESIS OF NEW FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS - 31 - MAIN-CHAIN FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMERS FOR ELECTRONIC NONLINEAR OPTICS APPLICATIONS," D.M. Walba, L. Xiao, E. Korblova, P. Keller, R. Shoemaker, M. Nakata, R. Shao, D.R. Link, D.A. Coleman, and N.A. Clark, Ferroelectrics 309, 77 (2004).

"DISCRETE ELASTIC MODEL FOR TWO-DIMENTIONAL MELTING," Y. Lansac, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Cond-Mat/0303441, (http://arxiv.org/abs/cond-mat/0303441).

"ENTROPY STABILIZED SMECTIC C PHASE IN A SYSTEM OF ZIG ZAG SHAPED MOLECULES," P.K. Maiti, Y. Lansac, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review Letters 92, 025501 (2004).

"FIELD CONTROL OF THE SURFACE ELECTROCLINIC EFFECT IN CHIRAL SMECTIC-A LIQUID CRYSTALS," J. E. Maclennan, D. Muller, R.-F. Shao, D. Coleman, D. J. Dyer, D. M. Walba, and N. A. Clark, Physical Review E 69, 061716 (2004).

"HIGH SUSCEPTIBILITY PHOTOACTIVE MONOLAYERS," Farrow, M. J., Walba, D. M., Korblova, E., Maclennan, J. E., Fang, G. J., Clark, N. A., Furtak, T., Yi, Y. W., Abstract Pap. Am. Chem. Soc. 227, U884-U884 (2004).

"MAIN-CHAIN FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL POLYMERS FOR ELECTRONIC NONLINEAR OPTICS APPLICATIONS," Walba, D. M., Xiao, L., Korblova, E., Keller, P., Shoemaker, R., Nakata, M., Shao, R., Link, D. R., Coleman, D. A., Clark, N. A., Ferroelectrics 309, 77-82 (2004).

"MANIPULATION OF ISLANDS ON FREELY SUSPENDED SMECTIC FILMS AND BUBBLES USING OPTICAL TWEEZERS," A. Pattanaporkratana, C. S. Park, J. E. Maclennan, and N. A. Clark, Ferroelectrics 310, 275 (2004); also www.e-lc.org.

"POLARITY-DIRECTED ANALOG ELECTRO-OPTIC SWITCHING IN A LOW-POLARIZATION CHIRAL SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTAL WITH POSITIVE DIELECTRIC ANISOTROPY," Lagerwall, J. P. F., Kane, A. A., Clark, N. A., Walba, D. M., Phys. Rev. E 70, 031703 (2004).

"SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS FOR LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT: SIMPLE PREPARATION ON GLASS USING ALKYLTRIALKOXYSILANES”, D. M. Walba, C. A. Liberko, E. Körblova, M. Farrow, T. E. Furtak, B. C. Chow, D. K. Schwartz, A. S. Freeman, K. Douglas, S. D. Williams, A. F. Klittnick, and N. A. Clark, Liquid Crystals 31, 481-489 (2004).

2003
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"POLARIZATION-MODULATED SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTAL PHASES," D.A. Coleman, J. Fernsler, N. Chattham, M. Nakata, Y. Takanishi, E. Korblova, D.R. Link, R.F. Shao, W.G. Jang, J.E. Maclennan, O. Mondainn-Monval, C. Boyer, W. Weissflog, G. Pelzl, L.C. Chien, J. Zasadzinski, J. Watanabe, D.M. Walba, H. Takezoe, and N.A. Clark, Science 301, 1204 (2003).
Download Abstract | Full Text.

"COMMENT ON ‘FREEZING BY HEATING IN A DRIVEN MESOSCOPIC SYSTEM'," L. Radzihovsky and N.A. Clark, Physical Review Letters 90, 189603 (2003).

"CONTROL OF MOLECULAR ORIENTATION IN ELECTROSTATICALLY STABILIZED FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," Coleman, D., Mueller, D., Clark, N. A., Maclennan, J. E., Shao, R.-F., Bardon, S., Walba, D. M. Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, (17), 175505-1 - 175505-5 (2003).

"ELECTRIC FIELD INDUCED ENANTIOMERIC SEGREGATION OF A RACEMIC LIQUID CRYSTAL IN A FLUID SMECTIC PHASE" Kane, A. A., Shao, R., Wang, L., Maclennan, J. E., Walba, D. M., Clark, N. A., in Abstracts, 9th International Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals Conference, Dublin, Ireland, O-8. (2003).

"ELECTRIC FIELD-INDUCED PARTIAL RESOLUTION OF A RACEMIC FLUID" Kane, A., Clark, N. A., Maclennan, J. E., Walba, D. M., Wang, L., Shao, R., in Abstracts, SPIE 2003, San Diego, California, (2003).

"FLUCTUATION MEDIATED INTERACTION AND PHASE SEPARATION OF NANOPARTICLES," T. Bellini, M. Caggioni, N.A. Clark, F. Mantegazza, A. Maritan, and A. Pelizzola, Physical Review Letters 91, 085704 (2003).

"ISOTROPIC TO SMECTIC A PHASE TRANSITIONS IN A POROUS MATRIX: A CASE OF MULTIPOROUS PHASE COEXISTENCE," T. Bellini, N.A. Clark, and D.R. Link, Journal of Physics Condensed Matter 15, S175-S182 (2003).

"PHASE BEHAVIOR OF BENT-CORE MOLECULES," Y. Lansac, P.K. Maiti, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 67, 011703 (2003).

"SECOND HARMONIC GENERATION FROM RUBBED FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL MESOGENIC MONOLAYER SURFACES," C. S. Park, T. E. Furtak, N. A. Clark, C. A. Liberko, and D. M. Walba, Phys. Rev. E 67, 051707 (2003).

"SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTAL PHASES WITH SPONTANEOUS LAYER UNDULATIONS," Walba, D. M., Korblova, E., Coleman, D. A., Fernsler, J., Chattham, N., Maclennan, J. E., Shao, R. F., Link, D. R., Nakata, M., Clark, N. A. In Abstract Pap. Am. Chem. Soc. Sep., U462-U462 (2003).

"SUPERMOLECULAR STEREOCHEMISTRY IN LIQUID CRYSTALS," Walba, D. M., Korblova, E., Shao, R. F., Maclennan, J. E., Link, D. R., Glaser, M. A., Coleman, D. A., Fernsler, J., Nakata, M., Clark, N. A., In Abstract Pap. Am. Chem. Soc. Sep., U280-U280 (2003).

2002
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"A MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS SIMULATION STUDY OF THE SWITCHING DYNAMICS OF A NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL UNDER AN APPLIED ELECTRICAL FIELD," P. Tian, D. Bedrov, G.D. Smith, M. Glaser, and J. Maclennan, Journal of Chemical Physics 117, 9452 (2002).

"ELECTRO-OPTIC CHARACTERISTICS OF DE VRIES TILTED SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTALS: ANALOG BEHAVIOR IN THE SMECTIC A* AND SMECTIC C* PHASES," N.A. Clark, J. Maclennan, M. Wand, D. Walba, Applied Physics Letters 80, 4097 (2002).

"ELECTRO-OPTIC SWITCHING BY HELICENE LIQUID CRYSTALS," C. Nuckolls, R.F. Shao, W.G. Jang, N.A. Clark, D.M. Walba and T.J. Katz, Chemistry of Materials 14, 773 (2002).

"FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT USING SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS," D.M. Walba, C.A. Liberko, N.A. Clark, and R. Shao, Liquid Crystals 29, 1015-1024 (2002).

"FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL INDUCED BY A BRIDGED BIPHENYL DOPANT WITH HELICAL TOPOGRAPHY," C. Lazar, K. Yang, M.A. Glaser, M.D. Wand and R.P. Lemieux, Journal of Materials Chemistry 12, 586 (2002).

"FLUCTUATIONS AND CLINICITY IN TILTED SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," M.A. Glaser and N.A. Clark, Physical Review Letters 66, 021711 (2002).

"INDUCED ANTICLINIC ORDERING AND NANOPHASE SEGREGATION OF BOW-SHAPED MOLECULES IN A SMECTIC SOLVENT," P.K. Maiti, Y. Lansac, M.A. Glaser and N.A. Clark, Physical Review Letters 88, 065504 (2002).

"MEAN FIELD THEORY-BASED CALCULATION OF FLC POLARIZATION," M.A. Glaser, N.A. Clark, D.M. Walba, M.P. Keyes, M.D. Radcliffe, and D.C. Snustad, Liquid Crystals 29, 105 (2002).

"NOVEL THICKNESS-DEPENDENT THERMAL BEHAVIOR AND ANTICLINIC COUPLING IN CHIRAL SMECTIC FREE-STANDING LIQUID CRYSTAL FILMS," P.J. Wu, C.Y. Chao, C.R. Lo, M. Veum, D.R. Link, J.E. Maclennan and N.A. Clark, Ferroelectrics 277, 511 (2002).

"NOVEL TWIST GRAIN BOUNDARY SMECTIC C PHASES," M. Brunet, L. Navailles, and N.A. Clark, European Journal of Physics E 7, 5 (2002).

"SELF-ASSEMBLY IN LYOTROPIC CHROMONIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," P.K. Maiti, Y. Lansac, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Liquid Crystals 29, 619 (2002).

"SELF-ASSEMLY IN SURFACTANT OLIGOMERS: A COARSE GRAINED DESCRIPTION THROUGH MOLECULAR DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS," P.K. Maiti, Y. Lansac, M.A. Glaser, N.A. Clark and Y. Rouault, Langmuir 18, 1908 (2002).

"THREE DIMENSIONAL DYE DISTRIBUTION IN PHOTO-ORIENTED LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT LAYERS," S. Bardon, D. Coleman, and N.A. Clark, Europhysics Letters 58, 67 (2002).

"TRANSITION BETWEEN ANTIFERROELECTRIC AND FERROELECTRIC LIQUID ORDER AT THE LIQUID CRYSTAL-SOLID INTERFACE," D. Coleman, S. Bardon, L. Radzihovsky, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 66, 061709 (2002).

"TRANSITION MOMENT ORIENTATION AND ROTATIONAL BIAS OF THREE CARBONYL GROUPS IN LARGE-POLARIZATION FLCS OBSERVED BY POLARIZED FT-IR," J. Matsushima, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H. Takezoe, A. Fukuda, C.S. Park, W.G. Jang, K.H. Kim, J.E. Maclennan, M.A. Glaser, N.A. Clark, and K. Takanashi, Liquid Crystals 29, 27 (2002).

2001
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"A BOW-PHASE MESOGEN SHOWING STRONG, ROBUST ANALOG ELECTRO-OPTICS," D.M. Walba, E. Körblova, R. Shao, and N.A. Clark, Journal of Materials Chemistry 11, 2743 (2001).

"A MOLECULAR DYNAMICS SIMULATION STUDY OF THE PHASE BEHAVIOR OF AN ENSEMBLE OF RIGID BEAD-NECKLACE MOLECULES," P. Tian, D. Bedrov, G.D. Smith, and M. Glaser, Journal of Chemical Physics 115, 9055 (2001).

"ALIGNMENT OF LIQUID CRYSTALS WITH PATTERNED ISOTROPIC SURFACES," B.-W. Lee and N.A. Clark, Science 291, 2576 (2001).

"BIAXIAL MODEL OF THE SURFACE ANCHORING OF BENT CORE SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," J.E. Maclennan, N.A. Clark, and D.M. Walba, Physical Review E 64, 031706 (2001).

"DESIGN OF SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTAL PHASES USING LAYER INTERFACE CLINICITY," D.M. Walba, E. Körblova, R.F. Shao, J.E. Maclennan, D.R. Link, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, in Anisotropic Organic Materials - Approaches to Polar Order, R. Glaser and P. Kaszynski, Eds., American Chemical Society: Washington, DC (2001) American Chemical Society Symposium Series 798, Ch. 20, 268-281.

"ELECTRO-OPTIC BEHAVIOR OF LIQUID CRYSTAL-FILLED SILICA OPAL PHOTONIC CRYSTALS: EFFECT OF LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT," D. Kang, J.E. Maclennan, N.A. Clark, A.A. Zakhidov, and R.H. Baughman, Physical Review Letters 86, 4052 (2001).

"EVIDENCE FROM INFRARED DICHROISM, X-RAY DIFFRACTION, AND ATOMISTIC COMPUTER SIMULATION FOR 'ZIG-ZAG' MOLECULAR SHAPE IN TILTED SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," W.G. Jang, C.S. Park, K.H. Kim M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 64, 051712 (2001).

"FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS INDUCED BY ATROPISOMERIC BIPHENYL DOPANTS: DEPENDENCE OF THE POLARIZATION POWER ON THE NATURE OF THE SYMMETRY-BREAKING GROUPS," D. Vizitiu, C. Lazar, J.P. Radke, C.S. Hartley, M.A. Glaser, and R.P. Lemieux, Chemistry of Materials 13, 1692 (2001).

"GIANT SURFACE ELECTROCLINIC EFFECT IN A CHIRAL SMECTIC A LIQUID CRYSTAL," R.F. Shao, J.E. Maclennan, N.A. Clark, D.J. Dyer, and D.M. Walba, Liquid Crystals 28, 117 (2001).

"MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURE AND DYNAMICS OF A PARTIAL BILAYER SMECTIC," Y. Lansac, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 64, 015703 (2001).

"MYSTERY MOTOR DEMYSTIFIED," A.F. Klittnick and M.J. Rickard, The Physics Teacher 39, 32 (2001).

"REPLY TO 'ANTIFERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS'," D. Link, J.E. Maclennan, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review Letters 86, 4975 (2001).

"SPONTANEOUS FORMATION OF HORIZONTAL CHEVRONS IN SMECTIC C* LIQUID CRYSTALS," G. Strangi, D.A. Coleman, J.E. Maclennan, M. Copic, and N.A. Clark, Applied Physics Letters 78, 1532 (2001).

"THE INFLUENCE OF IONS ON THE 'V-SHAPED' ELECTROOPTIC RESPONSE OF FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," M. Copic, J.E. Maclennan, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 63, 031703 (2001).

"TIME-RESOLVED INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY OF NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL ELECTRO-OPTIC SWITCHING," W.G. Jang and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 63, 031707 (2001).

"UNIVERSALITY AND SCALING IN THE DISORDERING OF A SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTAL," T. Bellini, L. Radzihovsky, J. Toner, and N.A. Clark, Science 294, 1074 (2001).

"UNUSUAL THICKNESS-DEPENDENT THERMAL BEHAVIOR AND ANTICLINIC COUPLINGIN CHIRAL SMECTIC FREE-STANDING LIQUID-CRYSTAL FILMS," C.Y. Chou, C.R. Lo, P.J. Wu, Y.H. Liu, D.R. Link, J.E. Maclennan, N.A. Clark, M. Veum, C.C. Huang, and J.T. Ho, Physical Review Letters 86, 4048 (2001).

2000
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"A CHIRAL FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL CONGLOMERATE COMPOSED OF RACEMIC MOLECULES," D.M. Walba, E. Körblova, R.F. Shao, J.E. Maclennan, D.R. Link, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Science 288, 2181 (2000).

"ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY OF FREELY SUSPENDED LIQUID CRYSTAL FILMS TRANSFERRED TO OCTADECYL TRIETHOXY SILANE SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS," B.W. Lee, D.R. Link, and N.A. Clark, Liquid Crystals 27, 501 (2000).

"BILAYER-BY-BILAYER ANTIFERROELECTRIC ORDERING IN FREELY SUSPENDED FILMS OF AN ACHIRAL POLYMER-MONOMER LIQUID CRYSTAL MIXTURE," D.R. Link, N.A. Clark, B.I. Ostrovskii, and E.A. Soto Bustamante, Physical Review E 61, R37 (2000).

"ELECTROSTATICS AND THE ELECTRO-OPTIC BEHAVIOR OF CHIRAL SMECTICS C: 'BLOCK' POLARIZATION SCREENING OF APPLIED VOLTAGE AND 'V-SHAPED' SWITCHING," N.A. Clark, D.Coleman, and J.E. Maclennan, Liquid Crystals 27, 985 (2000).

"FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS AND POLYMERS FOR SECOND ORDER NONLINEAR OPTICS APPLICATIONS," D.M. Walba, L. Xiao, P. Keller, R.F. Shao, D.R. Link, and N.A. Clark, Proceedings of RadTech Japan 2000, Radtech International, Tokyo (2000).

"FLC MICRODISPLAYS," N.A. Clark, C. Crandall, M.A. Handschy, M.R. Meadows, R.M. Malzbender, C.S. Park, and J.Z. Xue, Ferroelectrics 246, 97 (2000).

"INFRARED SPECTROSCOPIC STUDY OF MOLECULAR HYDROGEN BONDING IN CHIRAL SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," W.G. Jang, C.S. Park, K.H. Kim, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 62, 5027 (2000).

"RING PATTERN DYNAMICS IN SMECTIC-C* AND SMECTIC-CA* FREELY SUSPENDED LIQUID CRYSTAL FILMS," D.R. Link, L. Radzihovsky, G. Natale, J.E. Maclennan, N.A. Clark, M. Walsh, S.S. Keast, and M.E. Neubert, Physical Review Letters 84, 5772 (2000).

"SUPERMOLECULAR STEREOCHEMISTRY IN FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," D. M. Walba, E. Körblova, R. Shao, J.E. Maclennan, D.R. Link, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry 12, 830 (2000).

"SYMMETRIC THRESHOLDLESS ELECTRO-OPTIC EFFECTS IN LIQUID CRYSALS," S.T. Lagerwall, P. Rudquist, N.A. Clark, and J.E. Maclennan, Digest of Technical Papers of the Society for Information Display International Symposium, 59 (2000).

"THE HYSTERETIC BEHAVIOR OF 'V-SHAPED SWITCHING' SMECTIC MATERIALS," P. Rudquist, D. Krüerke, S.T. Lagerwall, J.E. Maclennan, N.A. Clark, and D.M. Walba, Ferroelectrics 246, 21 (2000).

"TIME-RESOLVED INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY OF MOLECULE/BINDING SITE REORIENTATION DURING FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL ELECTRO-OPTIC SWITCHING," W.G. Jang, C.S. Park, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 62, 5154 (2000).

1999
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"ANTICLINIC SMECTIC C SURFACES ON FREELY SUSPENDED LIQUID CRYSTAL FILMS," D.R. Link, G. Natale, N.A. Clark, and J.E. Maclennan, Physical Review Letters 82, 2508 (1999).

"ANTIFERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS FROM ACHIRAL MOLECULES AND A LIQUID CONGLOMERATE," D.M. Walba, E. Körblova, R.F. Shao, J.E. Maclennan, D.R. Link, and N.A. Clark, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 559, 3 (1999).

"ATOMISTIC SIMULATION AND MODELING OF SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," M.A. Glaser, in Advances in the Computer Simulations of Liquid Crystals, C. Zannoni and P. Pasini, editors (Kluwer, Dordrecht), 263 (1999).

"DYNAMICS AND SHEAR ORIENTATION BEHAVIOR OF A MAIN-CHAIN THERMOTROPIC LIQUID CRYSTALLINE POLYMER," W.J. Zhou, J.A. Kornfield, V.M. Ugaz, W.R. Burghardt, D.R. Link, and N.A. Clark, Macromolecules 32, 5581 (1999).

"FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS FOR SECOND ORDER NONLINEAR OPTICS," D.M. Walba, L. Xiao, P. Keller, R.F. Shao, D. Link, and N.A. Clark, Pure and Applied Chemistry 71, 2117 (1999).

"FERROELECTRIC SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTALS IN THE BENT-CORE FAMILY: ALIGNMENT FOR V-SHAPED ANALOG SWITCHING," D.M. Walba, E. Körblova, R.F. Shao, J.E. Maclennan, D.R. Link, and N.A. Clark, in Liquid Crystals III, I.C. Khoo, Ed., Proc. SPIE 3800, 21 (1999).

"HFF: A FORCE FIELD FOR LIQUID CRYSTAL MOLECULES," E. Garcia, M.A. Glaser, N.A. Clark, and D.M. Walba, Journal of Molecular Structure (Theochem) 464, 39 (1999).

"LEFT- AND RIGHT-HANDED HELICAL TUBULE INTERMEDIATES FROM A PURE CHIRAL PHOSPHOLIPID," B.N. Thomas and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 59, 3040 (1999).

"ORIENTATION FIELD FRACTURE IN A LIQUID CRYSTAL: METASTABLE ANTICLINIC MOLECULAR TILT IN ADJACENT LAYERS IN SMECTIC C DOBAMBC AND TFMHPOBC," D.R. Link, G. Natale, J.E. Maclennan, N.A. Clark, M. Walsh, S.S. Keast, M.E. Neubert, Physical Review Letters 83, 3665 (1999).

"PHOTO-INDUCED NANOPHASE SEGREGATION IN A SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTAL," Y. Lansac, M.A. Glaser, N.A. Clark, and O. Lavrentovich, Nature 398, 54 (1999).

"POLAR ELECTRO-OPTIC SWITCHING IN DROPLETS OF AN ACHIRAL NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTAL," P. Rudquist, E. Korblova, D.M. Walba, R. Shao, N.A. Clark, and J.E. Maclennan, Liquid Crystals 26, 1555 (1999).

"SMECTIC A AND C MATERIALS WITH NOVEL DIRECTOR TILT AND LAYER THICKNESS BEHAVIOR," M.D. Radcliffe, M.L. Brostrom, K.A. Epstein, A.G. Rappaport, B.N. Thomas, R. F. Shao, and N.A. Clark, Liquid Crystals 26, 789 (1999).

"THE CASE OF THRESHOLDLESS ANTIFERROELECTRICITY: POLARIZATION-STABILIZED TWISTED SMC* LIQUID CRYSALS GIVE V-SHAPED ELECTRO-OPTIC RESPONSE," N.A. Clark, J.E. Maclennan, R. Shao, D.A Coleman, S. Bardon, T. Bellini, D.R. Link, G. Natale, M.A. Glaser, D.M. Walba, M.D. Wand, X.-H. Chen, P. Rudquist, J.P.F. Lagerwall, M. Buivydas, F. Gouda, and S.T. Lagerwall, Journal of Materials Chemistry 9, 1257 (1999).

"THE THRESHOLDLESS SWITCHING MODE IN CHIRAL SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," S.T. Lagerwall, P. Rudquist, N.A. Clark, J.E. Maclennan, D.M. Walba. Proceedings of the Nineteenth International Display Research Conference of the Society for Information Display, Berlin, Germany, 409 (1999).

"UNRAVELING THE MYSTERY OF THRESHOLDLESS ANTIFERROELECTRICITY: HIGH CONTRAST ANALOG ELECTRO-OPTIC EFFECTS IN CHIRAL SMECTICS C," P. Rudquist, J.P.F. Lagerwall, M. Buivydas, F. Gouda, S.T. Lagerwall, R. Shao, D.A Coleman, S. Bardon, D.R. Link, T. Bellini, J.E. Maclennan, D.M. Walba, N.A. Clark, and X.-H. Chen, Digest of Technical Papers of the Society for Information Display International Symposium, 409 (1999).

"V-SHAPED SWITCHING IN FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," J.E. Maclennan, P. Rudquist, R. Shao, D.R. Link, D.M. Walba, N.A. Clark, and S.T. Lagerwall, Proceedings of the Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers 3800, 136 (1999).

1998
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"A NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THE EVOLUTION OF NANOMETER-SCALE SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY GENERATED BY ION MILLING," T.A. Winningham, Z. Zou, K. Douglas, and N.A. Clark, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A 16, 1178 (1998).

"FRICTION EFFECTS IN ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY OF PATTERNED OCTADECYL TRIETHOXYSILANE-ON-GLASS SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYERS," B.W. Lee and N.A. Clark, Langmuir 14, 5495 (1998).

"LIGHT SCATTERING MEASUREMENT OF THE NEMATIC CORRELATION LENGTH IN A LIQUID CRYSTAL WITH QUENCHED DISORDER," T. Bellini, N.A. Clark, V. Degiorgio, F. Mantegazza, and G. Natale, Physical Review E 57, 2996 (1998).

"POLYMERIZATION CONDITIONS AND ELECTROOPTIC PROPERTIES OF POLYMER STABILIZED FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," C.A. Guymon, L.A. Dougan, P.J. Martens, N.A. Clark, D.M. Walba, and C.N. Bowman, Chemistry of Materials 10, 2378 (1998).

"POLYMERIZATION OF POLYMER/FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITES FORMED WITH BRANCHED LIQUID CRYSTALLINE BISMETHACRYLATES," C.A. Guymon, R. Shao, D. Holter, H. Frey, N.A. Clark, and C.N. Bowman, Liquid Crystals 24, 263 (1998).

"SUB-100 NANOSECOND PRETILTED PLANAR-TO-HOMEOTROPIC REORIENTATION OF NEMATIC LIQUID CRYSTALS UNDER HIGH ELECTRIC FIELD," H. Takanashi, J.E. Maclennan, and N.A. Clark, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 37, 2587 (1998).

"SURFACE TENSION OBTAINED FROM VARIOUS SMECTIC FREE-STANDING FILMS: THE MOLECULAR ORIGIN OF SURFACE TENSION," P. Mach, C.C. Huang, E.D. Wedell, T. Nguyen, W.H. deJeu, F. Guittard, J. Naciri, R. Shashidhar, N.A. Clark, I.M. Jiang, F.J. Kao, H. Liu, and H. Nohira, Langmuir 14, 4330 (1998).

"THE SM XP PHASES: CHIRAL LIQUID CRYSTALS FROM ACHIRAL MOLECULES," D.M. Walba, E. Körblova, R.F. Shao, J.E. Maclennan, D.R. Link, and N.A. Clark, IDW 98: Proceedings of the Fifth International Display Workshops, Society of Information Display, 97 (1998).

1997
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"A NEW POTENTIAL FOR RIGID BIAXIAL MOLECULES," V.V. Ginzburg, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Chemical Physics 214, 265 (1997).

"DYNAMICS OF COLLECTIVE MODES OF A FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL IN CONFINED GEOMETRY USING DIELECTRIC SPECTROSCOPY," H. Xu, J.K. Vij, A.G. Rappaport, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review Letters 79, 249 (1997).

"DYNAMICS OF VACANCY DEFECTS IN 2-D CRYSTALLINE MONOLAYERS UNDER CHIRAL SMECTIC THIN FILMS STUDIED BY SCANNING TUNNELING MICROSCOPY," F. Stevens, D. J. Dyer, D. M. Walba, R. Shao, and N. A. Clark, Liquid Crystals 22, 531 (1997).

"FERROELECTRIC LCD'S," N.A. Clark, Proceedings of the Seventeenth International Display Research Conference of the Society for Information Display, Toronto, Canada (1997) M61-M63.

"LIQUID CRYSTAL PHASE DIAGRAM OF THE GAY-BERNE FLUID BY DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY," V.V. Ginzburg, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Liquid Crystals 23, 227 (1997).

"MOLECULAR ORGANIZATION OF PHOTOPOLYMERIZABLE MONOMERS IN A SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTAL: DEPENDENCE ON MONOMER STRUCTURE," C.A. Guymon, E.N. Hoggan, T.P. Rieker, N.A. Clark, D.M. Walba, and C.N. Bowman, Science 275, 57 (1997).

"QUANTUM CHEMISTRY BASED FORCE FIELDS FOR SOFT MATTER", M.A. Glaser, N.A. Clark, E. Garcia, and D.M. Walba, Spectrochemica Acta A 53, 1325 (1997).

"RELATING DOMAIN SHAPE TO GROWTH VELOCITY ANISOTROPY: INHERENT SYMMETRY OF THE WULFF CONSTRUCTION," Q. Jiang, J.E. Maclennan, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 56, 1833 (1997).

"SPONTANEOUS FORMATION OF MACROSCOPIC CHIRAL DOMAINS IN A FLUID SMECTIC PHASE OF ACHIRAL MOLECULES," D.R. Link, G. Natale, R.F. Shao, J.E. Maclennan, N.A. Clark, E. Körblova, and D.M. Walba, Science 278, 1924 (1997).

1996
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"DESIGN AND SYNTHESIS OF FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS. 22. SIDE-BY-SIDE DIMERS FOR NONLINEAR OPTICS, " D.M. Walba, D.J. Dyer, P.L. Cobben, T. Sierra, J.A. Rego, C.A. Liberko, R. Shao, and N.A. Clark, Ferroelectrics 179, 211 (1996).

"DESIGN AND SYNTHESIS OF FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS. 24. INCORPORATION OF THE DISPERSE RED 1 CHROMOPHORE INTO SIDE-BY-SIDE DIMERS FOR NONLINEAR OPTICS," D. J. Dyer, R. Shao, N. A. Clark, D. M. Walba, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 413, 357 (1996).

"DESIGN AND SYNTHESIS OF FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS .25. AN APPROACH TO NEW MATERIALS FOR ULTRA-FAST ELECTRONIC ELECTRO-OPTIC MODULATORS," D.M. Walba, D.J. Dyer, X.H. Chen, U. Muller, P. Cobber, R. Shao, and N.A. Clark, Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals 288, 83 (1996).

"DETECTING MOLECULAR CHIRALITY BY SCANNING TUNNELING MICROSCOPY," D.M. Walba, F. Stevens, N.A. Clark, and D.C. Parks, Accounts of Chemical Research 29, 591-597 (1996).

"FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS FOR NONLINEAR OPTICS: ORIENTATION OF THE DISPERSE RED 1 CHROMOPHORE ALONG THE FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL POLAR AXIS," D.M. Walba, D.J. Dyer, T. Sierra, P.L. Cobben, R. Shao, and N.A. Clark, Journal of the American Chemical Society 118, 1211 (1996).

"FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS FOR SECOND ORDER NONLINEAR OPTICS," D.M. Walba, D.J. Dyer, U. Müller, N.A. Clark, and R. Shao, Polymer Preprints 37, 117 (1996).

"GENERALIZED DYNAMIC DOMAIN SHAPE CALCULATION IN FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," Q. Jiang, J.E. Maclennan, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 53, 6074 (1996).

"MAIN-CHAIN FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL OLIGOMERS BY ACYCLIC DIENE METATHESIS POLYMERIZATION," D.M. Walba, P. Keller, R. Shao, N.A. Clark, M.M. Hillmyer, and R.H. Grubbs, Journal of the American Chemical Society 118, 2740 (1996).

"ORIENTATIONAL BIAS OF CARBONYL GROUPS IN THE CHIRAL SMECTIC C PHASE," W.G. Jang, C.S. Park, K.H. Kim, J.E. Maclennan, and N.A. Clark, Ferroelectrics 180 213 (1996).

"STUDIES OF NEMATIC-ISOTROPIC TRANSITION FOR A GAY-BERNE FLUID USING THE SECOND VIRIAL APPROXIMATION," V.V. Ginzburg, M.A. Glaser, and N.A. Clark, Liquid Crystals 21, 265 (1996).

1995
[ 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 ]

"ATOMIC-DETAIL SIMULATION STUDIES OF SMECTIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," M.A. Glaser, R. Malzbender, N.A. Clark, and D.M. Walba, Molecular Simulation 14, 343 (1995).

"COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," M.A. Glaser, V. V. Ginzburg, N.A. Clark, E. Garcia, D.M. Walba, and R. Malzbender, Molecular Physics Reports 10, 26 (1995).

"COMPUTER SIMULATION OF DOMAIN GROWTH IN FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," J.E. Maclennan, Q. Jiang, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 52, 3904 (1995).

"DYNAMIC POLARIZED INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY OF ELECTRIC FIELD-INDUCED MOLECULAR REORIENTATION IN A CHIRAL SMECTIC A LIQUID CRYSTAL," F. Hide, N.A. Clark, K. Nito, A. Yasuda, and D.M. Walba, Physical Review Letters 75, 2344 (1995).

"FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS FOR NONLINEAR OPTICS: CAN WE REALLY DO IT?," D.M. Walba, D.J. Dyer, P.L. Cobben, T. Sierra, J.A. Rego, C.A. Liberko, R. Shao, and N.A. Clark, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 392, 157 (1995).

"FLOW COUPLED SWITCHING EQUATIONS FOR SURFACE STABILIZED FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL CELLS," Z. Zou, N.A. Clark, and T. Carlsson, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 34, 560 (1995).

"MACROSCOPIC THEORY FOR THE FLOW BEHAVIOR OF SMECTIC C AND SMECTIC C* LIQUID CRYSTALS," T. Carlsson, F.M. Leslie, and N.A. Clark, Physical Review E 51, 4509 (1995).

"NEAR-ATOMIC RESOLUTION IMAGING OF FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL MOLECULES ON GRAPHITE BY STM," D. Walba, F. Stevens, D. Parks, N.A. Clark, and M.D. Wand, Science 267, 1144 (1995).

"ORIENTATION OF THE DISPERSE RED 1 CHROMOPHORE ALONG THE POLAR AXIS IN FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTALS," D. M. Walba, P. L. Cobben, D. J. Dyer, U. Müller, R. Shao, and N. A. Clark, in Organic Thin Films for Photonics Applications, Optical Society of America Technical Digest Series 21, 272 (1995).

"PHASE BEHAVIOR AND ELECTRO-OPTIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A POLYMER STABILIZED FERROELECTRIC LIQUID CRYSTAL," C.A. Guymon, E.N. Hoggan, D.M. Walba, N.A. Clark, and C.N. Bowman, Liquid Crystals 19, 719 (1995).

"PUMPING LIQUID CRYSTALS," Z. Zou and N. A. Clark, Physical Review Letters 75, 1799 (1995).

"THE FIRST HIGH POLARIZATION FERROELECTRIC MAIN CHAIN LIQUID CRYSTALLINE POLYMERS," P. Keller, R. Shao, D. M. Walba, and M. Brunet, Liquid Crystals 18, 915 (1995).

"X-RAY OBSERVATION OF ELECTROCLINIC LAYER CONSTRICTION AND REARRANGEMENT IN A CHIRAL SMECTIC-A LIQUID CRYSTAL," A.G. Rappaport, P.A. Williams, B.N. Thomas, N.A. Clark, M. Blanca Ros, and D.M. Walba, Applied Physics Letters 67, 362 (1995).

1994
[ 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 ]

"ATOMIC DETAIL SIMULATION STUDIES OF TILTED SMECTICS," M.A. Glaser, R. Malzbender, N.A. Clark, and D.M. Walba, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 6, A261 (1994).

"THEORY OF CHIRAL-RACEMIC MIXTURES NEAR THE SMECTIC C - SMECTIC A TRANSITION POINT: DEPENDENCE OF SPONTANEOUS POLARIZATION AND TRANSITION TEMPERATURE ON ENANTIOMETRIC EXCESS," V.V. Ginzburg, R. Shao, N.A. Clark, and D.M. Walba, Proceedings of SPIE 2175, 102 (1994).